CHINA AND RUSSIA IN THE EMERGING WORLD ORDER
The rise of China, and its spectacular economic growth over the past four
decades, is the single most important factor of change in geopolitics. Even
as she has become the second-largest economy in the world, China finds it
necessary to have a close relationship – almost but not quite an alliance –
with Russia since they jointly have similar positions on many international
issues which are in opposition to the West. Together, they punch well above
their individual weights and area significant pole in the emerging world
order of the third decade of the 21st Century.
China and Russia have a growing trade and economic relationship based on
oil and gas, armaments, technology transfers as well as investment in
Russia by Chinese firms. They almost always have identical views in the
United Nations Security Council where they are both permanent members .
Hence, their voting patterns are similar. Both these countries are members
of multilateral organizations such as BRICS and SCO. Taken together, China
and Russia form an important side of global power politics.
In this scenario, India which has had a decades long strategic partner ship
with Russia encompassing the nuclear, defence, space and high technology
fields but a much more contested and testy relationship with China, will
need to steer carefully through these currents to ensure its own interests
and objectives are met. The boundary question with China, which has
become a major security challenge for India, and that nation's increasingly
closer embrace of Pakistan are thorns in the side of our bilateral
relationship. Increasingly, the US is viewing technology transfers from
Russia, such as the S-400 missile system, as cross ing their red lines.